Annual Technical Report on Patent Information Activities in 2007 submitted by Brazil (SCIT/ATR/PI/2007/BR)

Click here to print the ATR form.

The term "patent" covers utility models and Supplementary Protection Certificates (SPCs).

Offices which issue design patents should report their design patent information activities in their Annual Technical Reports on Industrial Design Information Activities.

I. Evolution of patent activities

  Changes experienced in terms of application filings and grants with respect to the previous year
  Applications for national BR patents increased from 22.098 in 2006, to 24.107 in 2007 (+9,1%), although the data for 2007 are not final because of PCT numbers. Patents granted decreased from 2.785 to 1.855 from 2006 to 2007 (-33,0 %). Published patent applications decresead from 20.026 in 2006 to 17.752 in 2007 (-11,0%), comprising 8.844 PCT national phase and 8.908 other applications.

  URLs of web pages of the Office's website that provide statistics related to patents
  Statistics related to Brazilian patents applications are available at
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/instituto/estatisticas
II. Matters concerning the generation, reproduction, distribution and use of primary and secondary sources of patent information

  Publishing, printing, copying (main types of publications of the Office in the field of patent information, etc.)
   (1) Paper Patents Documents

The published patent applications documents are prepared by the Dissemination, Documentation and Technological Information Center (CEDIN), a Division of the Directorate of Institutional Partnerships and Technological Information (DART) that is responsible for the dissemination of the technological information. The patent applications documents are published as "A" documents, the Utility Models are "U" documents and the Addition Certificates are "C" documents. Copies of all published applications are sent to the search files, and all the bibliographic data is available to consultation at an internal database (SINPI) and at internet (www.inpi.gov.br). The first page of Brazilian patent documents contains bibliographic data, abstract and a summary, according to WIPO standards.

(2) Industrial Property Gazette

Since April 2005, official notices and selected bibliographic data relating to BR patent applications and granted patents are internally generated and published in the official weekly electronic Brazilian Official Gazette (Revista da Propriedade Industrial - RPI) in the date of publication. Some officials gazettes are available on the Brazilian Patent Office website in PDF and TXT format, at www.inpi.gov.br and all the published officials gazettes are stored in the Library and are available to the public

(3) ESPACENET

Brazil sends to the European Patent Office the bibliographic data and electronic copies of the whole patent invention and patent utility model applications, as soon as the domestic publication was done (18 months after the application date or before this period if required by the applicant), to be part of EPOQUE database and of the searchable website at Esp@cenet.

  Main types of announcements of the Office in the field of patent information
  INPI's website (www.inpi.gov.br) plays an increasingly important part in the dissemination of notices regarding to patents, as well as it informs the public and the community of users all the information concerning training activities, events and legal information concerning intellectual property.

Besides that, the official gazette weekly provides to the users the information concerning INPI's decisions on patent matters.

  Mass storage media used (paper, microforms, optical storage, etc.)
  The Office has DVD and CD-ROM collection containing published or granted US, WO, EP, DE, ES, FR and JP patent documents, and the installed system provides paper copies of the whole documents for internal or external demands.

The Office has also a paper collection of BR, US, WO, EP, AU, C, NL, DE, CH, GB and FR patent documents classified according to the IPC, and they are used in search activities. INPI has also the Microforms patent document collections from BR, ES, US, FR, GB DE. These collections have been frozen since the implementation of the search systems: CD, DVD, EPOQUE, Dialog, Espacenet etc, (internal users); and CD, DVD, Espacenet (external users).

  Mass storage media used (paper, microforms, optical storage, etc.)
  The Office has DVD and CD-ROM collection containing published or granted US, WO, EP, DE, ES, FR and JP patent documents, and the installed system provides paper copies of the whole documents for internal or external demands.

The Office has also a paper collection of BR, US, WO, EP, AU, C, NL, DE, CH, GB and FR patent documents classified according to the IPC, and they are used in search activities. INPI has also the Microforms patent document collections from BR, ES, US, FR, GB DE. These collections have been frozen since the implementation of the search systems: CD, DVD, EPOQUE, Dialog, Espacenet etc, (internal users); and CD, DVD, Espacenet (external users).

  Word processing and office automation
  The Patent Office uses Microsoft Windows(TM), which provides an integrated and extensive network of applications that are available to all staff. All personal have their own workstation on which numerous applications are available. Word processing can be carried out using Microsoft Word; PowerPoint and Excel are also available; IPC 8 has been translated to Portuguese and is available through intranet and Internet.

Search tools including online access to commercial databases are available to technical staff, patent examiners and technical personal performing patent information activities to external users. There is also a corporate mainframe database (SINPI, Integrated System of Industrial Property), for processing the life of a patent application. The Office's intranet contains a very large collection of essential information for the INPI staff, including search and classification tools.

Copies of the documents cited in the search reports are produced in house to supply the applicants. All the staff access the Internet and the Office intranet and has their own official e-mail addresses.

  URLs of web pages of the Office's website that provide access to online publication of patent documents and gazettes, and to other primary and secondary sources of patent information, including patent publication servers and download of bulk patent data
  The Office's website provides online access to the patent applications documents and the patent gazettes can be accessed in http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-superior/revistas. Brazilian patent applications database is available through Internet.
III. Matters concerning abstracting, classifying, reclassifying and indexing of technical information contained in patent documents

   Abstracting, reviewing, translating
  No service of translation, abstracting and reviewing is conducted by INPI.


  Classification1, preclassification2 (if applicable), and reclassification3 activities; Classification system used, e.g., International Patent Classification (IPC), other classification (please indicate whether or not patent documents are classified by your Office and, if so, which classification is used)
  Patent applications are classified according to the newest edition of the 8th International Patent Classification (advanced classification). If it is necessary, some documents are reclassified.

  Bibliographic data and full-text processing
  Bibliographic data are used for search with internal system (SINPI - intranet) and through Internet (http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-superior/pesquisas)
IV. Search file establishment and upkeep

  File building
  File building and updating of the paper search files, classified under the IPC is centralized. BR patent documents collection is arranged according to the IPC, as well as in numerical order. It is also available collections of US, EP, WO, FR, GB, DE etc. patent documents in paper and in CD or DVD, within certain date ranges.

In 2007 the collection of Brazilian patent documents increased 21.881 paper documents and 164.212 documents contained in DVD or CD.

  Updating
  Administrative staff carries out updating of search files centrally.

  Documentation from other offices maintained and/or considered part of the available search file
  In paper:
Patent collections from BR are available to the public in the search file. The patent documents from other countries are available to the public in the search file paper until the date they were received in this format. From that date on they are available in CD or DVD.

In CD or DVD:
The CD or DVD from other countries are available in the search file:
EP, since 1978; WO, since 1978; JP, since 1976; US, since 1969; FR, since 1992.

Either paper or digital documents are available through online search techniques, for internal patent examiners (Internet, SINPI, Dialog, Epoque, CD and DVD) and external users (Internet: espacenet, uspto website etc).
V. Activities in the field of computerized and other mechanized search systems

  In-house systems (online/offline)
  The SINPI (Integrated System of Industrial Property) database is the in-house system available for searching. Technical searching can be carried out using the IPC code or indexing terms, combinations of terms from the same or different headings for searching patent documents, industrial designs, legal status or other parameters.

  External databases
  Since June 2005 the patent examiners from INPI/BR have the access to search at the system EPOQUE (European Patent Office Query). The patent examiners job is now facilitated with this tool.

Besides EPOQUE they also have the access to the databank DIALOG, and other specialized databases (chemical, biotech, etc.) in order to carry out searches in patent documents or other publications. The INPI staff access these databases using a number of online hosts that the Office subscribes to. The official policy is that a worldwide online search should be carried out as whole or part of every patent search or examiner done in this Office. Workstations with CD or DVD drivers are used by the technical staff for information purposes and also by the external searchers.

  Administrative management systems (e.g., register, legal status, statistics and administrative support)
  Register and legal status information is stored on the SINPI database.

  Equipment used (hardware, including the types of terminal and network used, and software), carriers used
  Servers IBM, SUN and HP are used to support Internet, Internal Databases, E-mail and Intranet. The internal network uses a client-server arrangement on an Ethernet LAN running Informix Netware. The PCs used by all staff performing patent and information activities are Pentium 4, 2.8 GHz, machines with 21" screens and DVD drivers.

  Existing online thesauri; their structure, presentation and usefulness for computerized searches
   INPI does not use online thesauri.
VI. Administration of the industrial property office library, and information products and services available to the public (relating to facilities, e.g., for lodging applications, for assisting clients on searching procedures, for obtaining official publications and registry extracts)

  Planning, administration, automation, security, buildings
  INPI has an internal Library that is conducted by the Dissemination, Documentation and Technological Information Center (CEDIN). The Library collection contains technical books, pamphlets, manuals, some legal reports, name and subject-matter indexing books, periodicals and official gazettes from many different countries. The collection is located in our main building in a securely manner, can be accessed via intranet (INPI staff) or via e-mail biblioteca@inpi.gov.br (INPI staff and external users).

  Collecting, acquisitions, preparation
  All INPI staff is free to suggest additional material for inclusion in the Library collection, and the administrative manager periodically asks for suggestions.

In 2007, the Library staff received approximately 2.192 requests from researchers and 2.605 copies of articles or technical information were demanded by the internal and external researchers. The Library was updated with 332 new books, pamphlets etc.

  Collection management, preservation
  The Dissemination, Documentation and Technological Information Center (CEDIN) are in charge of maintaining The Library.

  Interlibrary lending, resource sharing, networks of patent libraries in the country
  The Library provides external services to customers. They provide copies of articles, technical searchers, and have a close contact with other specialized libraries from over Brazil and abroad. It can be accessed through the e-mail biblioteca@inpi.gov.br

  Information services available to the public (including computerized services and search files contained in libraries remote from your Office and patent information posted by your Office on the World Wide Web)
  The Patent Office's Search and Advisory Service continues to promote its activities in providing priced patent investigations. In 2007, 1029 patent searches were processed.

INPI has developed a service (Central Enquiry Unit) to provide answers to customers' doubts, available at INPI's homepage (Ouvidoria section) and also a telephone service is available to help the customers.

  URLs of web pages of the Office's website that provide information on business procedures such as: filing, publication, examination and grant procedures related to patents; opposition and appeal procedures related to patents; etc.
  http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/patente/copy_of_patentes

  URLs of web pages of the Office's website that provide a description of information products and services offered by the Office (e.g., patent search service(s) and patent databases), as well as information on how to access and utilize them
  Patent search services:
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/informacao/pasta_manual

Patent databases:
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/informacao/pata_bases

Patent application copy service:
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/informacao/pasta_copia

Patent grant copy service:
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/patente/pasta_servicos/fotocopia_html

Other services relating to a patent document ( request of search report of an examined application, etc)
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/patente/pasta_servicos
VII. Matters concerning mutual exchange of patent documentation and information

  International or regional cooperation in the exchange of machine-readable information, e.g., bibliographic data, abstract and/or full text information
  INPI makes use of all relevant WIPO standards. Approximately 52.808 published Brazilian patents applications were sent to foreign patent offices in a cooperation exchange. In 2007 INPI has sent the Brazilian patents applications (PI - patent invention, MU- utility model, C- additional certificate) and/or industrial designs documents (DI) in paper to OAPI (BR PI, MU, C, DI, with BR priority); SU, GB, CU, DE (BR PI, MU, C, with BR priority) and PY (BR PI, MU, C, all the documents applied in Brazil). Also, INPI has sent to EPO the digitalized Brazilian documents by ftp.

  Medium used for exchange of priority documents
  In 2007, paper and ftp were the medium used for exchange the Brazilian patent documents.

  Medium allowed for filing applications
  Patent applications are accepted only on paper form. There is a project to accept online patent applications in a near future.
VIII. Other relevant matters concerning education and training in, and promotion of, the use of patent information, including technical assistance to developing countries (please indicate URLs of web pages of the Office's website wherever appropriate)

  Training courses for national and foreign participants, use of audiovisual means
  In accordance with the Brazilian new Innovation Law, INPI has began an extensive training program, including seminars and courses, aiming to prepare managers and technicians staff in different aspects of intellectual property.

By the end of 2007, INPI has trained over 2.617 people. Managers and technicians from Universities, Institutions of Research and Development and Secretaries of Science and Technology were trained as well as the Judiciary personnel.

  Assistance to developing countries (sending consultants and experts, receiving trainees from developing countries, etc.)
  The Brazilian Patent Office has an active bilateral and cooperation programs with different countries, including a number of developing countries. In 2007, the Search and Advisory Service carried out 9 free patent searches to WIPO under the Program of Patent Information Services for Developing Countries, and 85 free patent searches to Paraguay under a bilateral cooperation. We also deliver seminars and lectures in different places including developing countries.

  Promotional activities (seminars, exhibitions, visits, advertising, etc.)
  The Directorate of Institutional Partnerships and Technological Information (DART) continued to promote, in 2007, INPI's presence at many exhibitions or seminars, and conducted visitors to the Office.

In 2007, 154 Lectures was promoted by INPI, 1021 people attended the Seminars promoted by the Office in different places around Brazil. Besides this, several courses was given in the country in order to promote de importance of the intellectual property.

  Studies to identify trends in new technology, e.g., by the use of patent statistics and preparation of monographs
  In 2004 INPI created a Division called "Programs and Studies Division (DIESPRO)" who is in charge of preparing Studies and Programs aiming to do statistical studies using the bibliographic information contained in the patent documents.

In 2007, INPI published the studies: "Brazilian Universities - The Use of the Patent System from 2000 until 2004", "Stem-Cells - Brazilian Patent Applications" and "Comparison of the Patentability of the Biotechnological Inventions in Different Countries".

All the published studies, including the old ones, are available at http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/informacao/estudos_html.
IX. Other general information related to the Office that is available on the Internet -- URLs of web pages of the Office's website that:

  provide information on legislation related to patents
  Information on Legislation related to patents is available at http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/instituto/legislacao-1

  contain the Annual Report of the Office
  The Annual Report of INPI is available at
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/instituto

  contain patent-related news regarding the Office
  Patent-related news regarding to the Office is available at
http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-superior/imprensa
X. Other relevant matters
In 2007 the Office was accepted to be an "International Searching Authority - ISA" and "International Preliminary Examining Authority - IPEA". In 2008 INPI will prepare all the administrative and technical needs for the execution of this new task.

In 2007 INPI has implemented the "Brazilian Intellectual Academy". The first Course: "Professional Master in Intellectual Property and Innovation" received in 2007, 29 students from different areas (Lawyers, Engineers, Managers etc).

The Brazilian National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) and the National Institute of Metrology (INMETRO) are working in close collaboration in order to establish the National Depositary and Conformity Evaluation Center of Biological Material. The final objective of this project is not only to provide the necessary infrastructure for accepting patent applications in the biotechnological field with the biological material, but also to contribute for the organization of services, which will allow the offering of certificates for research and development, according to international requirements of safety. The Center will be located at Xerém, in Rio de Janeiro State, and will be divided in 2 sections: 1 for materials in secrecy conditions and another for materials capable of being used in research.

In 2007 the Program of Automatic Supplying of Technological Information called "PROFINT" gave support to 60 institutions, at the end of 2007, INPI sent to these institutions 60.430 front pages of patent documents. These documents are selected in the IPC fields that the institutions have chosen. INPI has a signed contract with each one of these institutions.

Information on Brazilian legislation related to patents can be accessed at the website http://www.inpi.gov.br/menu-esquerdo/patente/pasta_legislacao

1.Classification is allotting one or more classification symbols (e.g., IPC symbols) to a patent application, either before or during search and examination, which symbols are then published with the patent application.
2.Preclassification is allotting an initial broad classification symbol (e.g., IPC class or subclass, or administrative unit) to a patent application, using human or automated means for internal administrative purposes (e.g., routing an application to the appropriate examiner).  Usually preclassification is applied by the administration of an office.
3.Reclassification is the reconsideration and usually the replacement of one or more previously allotted classification symbols to a patent document, following a revision and the entry into force of a new version of the Classification system (e.g., the IPC).  The new symbols are available on patent databases.

World Intellectual Property Organization

Committee on WIPO Standards (CWS)

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