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Standard ST.3

Version 2.1

RECOMMENDED STANDARD ON TWO‑LETTER CODES FOR THE REPRESENTATION OF STATES, OTHER ENTITIES AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
Revision adopted by the SCIT Standards and Documentation Working Group at its eleventh session on October 30, 2009, and updated by the International Bureau on March 20, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Introduction

1.

This Recommended Standard provides two‑letter alphabetic codes which, for the purpose of improving the access to industrial property information, represent, in particular, the names of States, other entities and intergovernmental organizations the legislation of which provides for the protection of industrial property rights or which organizations are acting in the framework of a treaty in the field of industrial property.

2.

The designation of States or other entities in this Recommended Standard does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever concerning the legal status of any State or territory, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.

3.

This Recommended Standard is aligned with the universally recognized ISO Alpha‑2 Code contained in International Standard ISO 3166‑1:2006, “Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries and their Subdivisions – Part 1: Country Codes”, published in January 2007 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It is also aligned with the announcements published in ISO 3166–1 Newsletters.

Recommended standard code

4.

This Recommended Standard is intended to be implemented for any use by industrial property offices requiring the identification of States, other entities and intergovernmental organizations, in coded form.

5.

The recommended codes are contained in Annex A in two sections, organized as follows:

(a) Section 1 presents a list of States, other entities and intergovernmental organizations, in alphabetic sequence of their short names and their corresponding codes;

(b) Section 2 presents the codes referred to in (a) in alphabetic order and the corresponding (short) names of States, other entities and intergovernmental organizations.

Maintenance

6.

ISO has entrusted a Maintenance Agency with the management of International Standard ISO 3166.

7.

WIPO has been granted associate‑member status in the Maintenance Agency and is therefore closely associated with its work. The International Bureau updates this Recommended Standard at intervals following the decisions of the Maintenance Agency and of the respective WIPO body with regard to the inclusion of new two‑letter alphabetic codes or the amending of existing two‑letter alphabetic codes.

Implementation and guidelines for users

8.

To assist users of documents relating to industrial property titles and/or applications therefor, Annex B, Section 1, to this Recommended Standard lists those States for which the code in force prior to January 1, 1978, was subsequently replaced by a new code. A list of States or organizations, with their respective codes, that ceased to exist is given in Annex B, Section 2.

9.

The codes contained in Annex A to this Recommended Standard should be used in all documents relating to industrial property titles and/or applications therefor, even when referring to documents for which a different code existed before January 1, 1978.

10.

The letter combinations AA, QM to QY, XA to XM, XO to XZ and ZZ are available for individual use and for provisional codes.

ANNEX A, Section 1:  List of states, other entities and their codes

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

List of states, other entities and intergovernmental organizations, in alphabetic sequence of their short names, and their corresponding codes
Name Code
AFGHANISTAN AF
AFRICAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION (OAPI)1 OA
AFRICAN REGIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION (ARIPO)1 AP
ALBANIA AL
ALGERIA DZ
ANDORRA AD
ANGOLA AO
ANGUILLA AI
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA AG
ARGENTINA AR
ARMENIA AM
ARUBA AW
AUSTRALIA AU
AUSTRIA AT
AZERBAIJAN AZ
BAHAMAS BS
BAHRAIN BH
BANGLADESH BD
BARBADOS BB
BELARUS BY
BELGIUM BE
BELIZE BZ
BENELUX OFFICE FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (BOIP)2 BX
BENIN BJ
BERMUDA BM
BHUTAN BT
BOLIVIA, PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BO
BONAIRE, SAINT EUSTATIUS AND SABA BQ
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BA
BOTSWANA BW
BOUVET ISLAND BV
BRAZIL BR
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BN
BULGARIA BG
BURKINA FASO BF
BURUNDI BI
CAMBODIA KH
CAMEROON CM
CANADA CA
CAPE VERDE CV
CAYMAN ISLANDS KY
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CF
CHAD TD
CHILE CL
CHINA CN
COMMUNITY PLANT VARIETY OFFICE (EUROPEAN UNION) (CPVO) QZ
COLOMBIA CO
COMOROS KM
CONGO (see Congo, below; Democratic Republic of the Congo)  
CONGO CG
COOK ISLANDS CK
COSTA RICA CR
CÔTE D’IVOIRE CI
CROATIA HR
CUBA CU
CURAÇAO CW
CYPRUS CY
CZECH REPUBLIC CZ
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA KP
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO CD
DENMARK DK
DJIBOUTI DJ
DOMINICA DM
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC DO
ECUADOR EC
EGYPT EG
EL SALVADOR SV
EQUATORIAL GUINEA GQ
ERITREA ER
ESTONIA EE
ETHIOPIA ET
EURASIAN PATENT ORGANIZATION (EAPO)1 EA
EUROPEAN UNION TRADE MARK OFFICE (See Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market)  
EUROPEAN PATENT OFFICE (EPO)1 EP
FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS) FK
FAROE ISLANDS FO
FIJI FJ
FINLAND FI
FRANCE FR
GABON GA
GAMBIA GM
GEORGIA GE
GERMANY3 DE
GHANA GH
GIBRALTAR GI
GREECE GR
GREENLAND GL
GRENADA GD
GUATEMALA GT
GUERNSEY GG
GUINEA GN
GUINEA–BISSAU GW
GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL (see Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf)  
GUYANA GY
HAITI HT
HOLY SEE VA
HONDURAS HN
HONG KONG (See The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China)  
HUNGARY HU
ICELAND IS
INDIA IN
INDONESIA ID
INTERNATIONAL BUREAU OF THE WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION (WIPO)4 IB, WO
IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IR
IRAQ IQ
IRELAND IE
ISLE OF MAN IM
ISRAEL IL
ITALY IT
JAMAICA JM
JAPAN JP
JERSEY JE
JORDAN JO
KAZAKHSTAN KZ
KENYA KE
KIRIBATI KI
KOREA (see Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; Republic of Korea)  
KUWAIT KW
KYRGYZSTAN KG
LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LA
LATVIA LV
LEBANON LB
LESOTHO LS
LIBERIA LR
LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA LY
LIECHTENSTEIN LI
LITHUANIA LT
LUXEMBOURG LU
MACAO MO
MACEDONIA (see The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)  
MADAGASCAR MG
MALAWI MW
MALAYSIA MY
MALDIVES MV
MALI ML
MALTA MT
MAURITANIA MR
MAURITIUS MU
MEXICO MX
MOLDOVA (see Republic of Moldova)  
MONACO MC
MONGOLIA MN
MONTENEGRO ME
MONTSERRAT MS
MOROCCO MA
MOZAMBIQUE MZ
MYANMAR MM
NAMIBIA NA
NAURU NR
NEPAL NP
NETHERLANDS NL
NEW ZEALAND NZ
NICARAGUA NI
NIGER NE
NIGERIA NG
NORDIC PATENT INSTITUTE (NPI) XN
NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS MP
NORWAY NO
OFFICE FOR HARMONIZATION IN THE INTERNAL MARKET (TRADE MARKS AND DESIGNS) (OHIM) EM
OMAN OM
PAKISTAN PK
PALAU PW
PANAMA PA
PAPUA NEW GUINEA PG
PARAGUAY PY
PATENT OFFICE OF THE COOPERATION COUNCIL FOR THE ARAB STATES OF THE GULF (GCC) GC
PERU PE
PHILIPPINES PH
POLAND PL
PORTUGAL PT
QATAR QA
REPUBLIC OF KOREA KR
REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA MD
ROMANIA RO
RUSSIAN FEDERATION RU
RWANDA RW
SAINT HELENA, ASCENSION AND TRISTAN DA CUNHA SH
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS KN
SAINT LUCIA LC
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES VC
SAMOA WS
SAN MARINO SM
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE ST
SAUDI ARABIA SA
SENEGAL SN
SERBIA RS
SEYCHELLES SC
SIERRA LEONE SL
SINGAPORE SG
SINT MAARTEN (Dutch part) SX
SLOVAKIA SK
SLOVENIA SI
SOLOMON ISLANDS SB
SOMALIA SO
SOUTH AFRICA ZA
SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS GS
SPAIN ES
SRI LANKA LK
SUDAN SD
SURINAME SR
SWAZILAND SZ
SWEDEN SE
SWITZERLAND CH
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC SY
TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA TW
TAJIKISTAN TJ
TANZANIA (see United Republic of Tanzania)  
THAILAND TH
THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MK
THE HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA HK
TIMOR–LESTE TL
TOGO TG
TONGA TO
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TT
TUNISIA TN
TURKEY TR
TURKMENISTAN TM
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS TC
TUVALU TV
UGANDA UG
UKRAINE UA
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES AE
UNITED KINGDOM GB
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA TZ
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA US
URUGUAY UY
UZBEKISTAN UZ
VANUATU VU
VATICAN CITY STATE (See Holy See)  
VENEZUELA, BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VE
VIET NAM VN
VIRGIN ISLANDS, BRITISH VG
WESTERN SAHARA5 EH
WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION (WIPO) (INTERNATIONAL BUREAU OF)4 WO, IB
YEMEN YE
ZAMBIA ZM
ZIMBABWE ZW

ANNEX A, Section 2:  List of codes and names of states and other entities

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

List of codes, in alphabetic sequence, and the corresponding (short) names of states, other entities and intergovernmental organizations
Code Name
AD Andorra
AE United Arab Emirates
AF Afghanistan
AG Antigua and Barbuda
AI Anguilla
AL Albania
AM Armenia
AO Angola
AP African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO)1
AR Argentina
AT Austria
AU Australia
AW Aruba
AZ Azerbaijan
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina
BB Barbados
BD Bangladesh
BE Belgium
BF Burkina Faso
BG Bulgaria
BH Bahrain
BI Burundi
BJ Benin
BM Bermuda
BN Brunei Darussalam
BO Bolivia, Plurinational State of
BQ Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
BR Brazil
BS Bahamas
BT Bhutan
BV Bouvet Island
BW Botswana
BX Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP)2
BY Belarus
BZ Belize
CA Canada
CD Democratic Republic of the Congo
CF Central African Republic
CG Congo
CH Switzerland
CI Côte d’Ivoire
CK Cook Islands
CL Chile
CM Cameroon
CN China
CO Colombia
CR Costa Rica
CU Cuba
CV Cape Verde
CW Curaçao
CY Cyprus
CZ Czech Republic
DE Germany3
DJ Djibouti
DK Denmark
DM Dominica
DO Dominican Republic
DZ Algeria
EA Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO)1
EC Ecuador
EE Estonia
EG Egypt
EH Western Sahara5
EM Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trademarks and Designs) (OHIM)
EP European Patent Office (EPO)1
ER Eritrea
ES Spain
ET Ethiopia
FI Finland
FJ Fiji
FK Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
FO Faroe Islands
FR France
GA Gabon
GB United Kingdom
GC Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)
GD Grenada
GE Georgia
GG Guernsey
GH Ghana
GI Gibraltar
GL Greenland
GM Gambia
GN Guinea
GQ Equatorial Guinea
GR Greece
GS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
GT Guatemala
GW Guinea‑Bissau
GY Guyana
HK The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China
HN Honduras
HR Croatia
HT Haiti
HU Hungary
IB International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)4
ID Indonesia
IE Ireland
IL Israel
IM Isle of Man
IN India
IQ Iraq
IR Iran (Islamic Republic of)
IS Iceland
IT Italy
JE Jersey
JM Jamaica
JO Jordan
JP Japan
KE Kenya
KG Kyrgyzstan
KH Cambodia
KI Kiribati
KM Comoros
KN Saint Kitts and Nevis
KP Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
KR Republic of Korea
KW Kuwait
KY Cayman Islands
KZ Kazakhstan
LA Lao People’s Democratic Republic
LB Lebanon
LC Saint Lucia
LI Liechtenstein
LK Sri Lanka
LR Liberia
LS Lesotho
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
LV Latvia
LY Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
MA Morocco
MC Monaco
MD Republic of Moldova
ME Montenegro
MG Madagascar
MK The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
ML Mali
MM Myanmar
MN Mongolia
MO Macao
MP Northern Mariana Islands
MR Mauritania
MS Montserrat
MT Malta
MU Mauritius
MV Maldives
MW Malawi
MX Mexico
MY Malaysia
MZ Mozambique
NA Namibia
NE Niger
NG Nigeria
NI Nicaragua
NL Netherlands
NO Norway
NP Nepal
NR Nauru
NZ New Zealand
OA African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI)1
OM Oman
PA Panama
PE Peru
PG Papua New Guinea
PH Philippines
PK Pakistan
PL Poland
PT Portugal
PW Palau
PY Paraguay
QA Qatar
QZ Community Plant Variety Office (European Union) (CPVO)
RO Romania
RS Serbia
RU Russian Federation
RW Rwanda
SA Saudi Arabia
SB Solomon Islands
SC Seychelles
SD Sudan
SE Sweden
SG Singapore
SH Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
SI Slovenia
SK Slovakia
SL Sierra Leone
SM San Marino
SN Senegal
SO Somalia
SR Suriname
ST Sao Tome and Principe
SV El Salvador
SX Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
SY Syrian Arab Republic
SZ Swaziland
TC Turks and Caicos Islands
TD Chad
TG Togo
TH Thailand
TJ Tajikistan
TL Timor–Leste
TM Turkmenistan
TN Tunisia
TO Tonga
TR Turkey
TT Trinidad and Tobago
TV Tuvalu
TW Taiwan, Province of China
TZ United Republic of Tanzania
UA Ukraine
UG Uganda
US United States of America
UY Uruguay
UZ Uzbekistan
VA Holy See
VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
VE Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
VG Virgin Islands (British)
VN Viet Nam
VU Vanuatu
WO World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (International Bureau of)4
WS Samoa
XN Nordic Patent Institute (NPI)
YE Yemen
ZA South Africa
ZM Zambia
ZW Zimbabwe

ANNEX B, Section 1: Codes that have changed

List of states in respect of which codes have changed
Country Code used
before 1.1.1978
New code used
from 1.1.1978
Albania AN AL
Algeria AG DZ
Austria OE AT
Bahrain BB BH
Bangladesh BA BD
Barbados BD BB
Benin DA BJ
Bhutan BH BT
Botswana BT BW
Burkina Faso UV HV/BF6
Burma (see Myanmar)    
Cambodia CD KH
Cameroon KA CM
Central African Republic ZR CF
Chad TS TD
Chile CE CL
China RC CN
Congo CF CG
Democratic Kampuchea (see Cambodia)    
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea KN KP
Democratic Republic of the Congo CB ZR/CD7
Dominican Republic DR DO
East Timor (see Timor–Leste)
Egypt ET EG
El Salvador SL SV
Ethiopia EA ET
Finland SF FI
Gambia GE GM
Germany DT DE
Guatemala GU GT
Guinea GI GN
Haiti HI HT
Holy See CV VA
Honduras HO HN
Ireland EI IE
Japan JA JP
Kuwait KU KW
Liechtenstein FL LI
Madagascar MD MG
Mali MJ ML
Malta ML MT
Mauritania MT MR
Mauritius MS MU
Mongolia MO MN
Myanmar BU MM8
Nicaragua NA NI
Niger NI NE
Nigeria WN NG
Oman MU OM
Panama PM PA
Papua New Guinea PP PG
Paraguay PG PY
Poland PO PL
Republic of Korea KS KR
Romania RU RO
Sierra Leone WL SL
Sri Lanka CL LK
Sweden SW SE
Syrian Arab Republic SR SY
Timor–Leste TP TL9
Togo TO TG
Tonga TI TO
Trinidad and Tobago TD TT
United Republic of Tanzania TA TZ
Zaire (see Democratic Republic of the Congo)    
Zambia ZB ZM

ANNEX B, Section 2: Entities that no longer exist

List of states or organizations that existed on January 1, 1978, but that no longer exist
Name Code
Czechoslovakia CS
Democratic Yemen SY/YD10
German Democratic Republic DL/DD11
International Patent Institute IB
Soviet Union SU
Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro YU12

[End of Standard]


1 Intergovernmental organizations (regional patent offices) acting for certain Contracting States under the PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty). In case of the European Patent Office, it also acts as International Searching Authority and International Preliminary Examining Authority under the PCT.(ARIPO, EAPO, EPO, OAPI) or (AP, EA, EP, OA)

2 The Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) (former Benelux Trademark and Designs Offices) have replaced the national Offices of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands with regard to actions relating to marks and industrial designs.(BOIP) or (BX)

3 In the electronic database of the International Register of Marks, the International Bureau of WIPO uses the following additional codes, not part of the active codes of Standard ST.3: “DD” to designate Germany without the territory that, prior to October 3, 1990, constituted the Federal Republic of Germany; “DT” to designate Germany without the territory that, prior to October 3, 1990, constituted the German Democratic Republic.(Germany) or (DE)

4 The code “WO” is used in relation to the international publication under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) of international applications filed with any PCT receiving Office, as well as in the publication of international deposits of industrial designs under the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs. In this regard, reference is made to INID code (33) given in WIPO Standards ST.9 and ST.80. The code “WO” is also the appropriate code to be used with respect to international registrations of marks under the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol Concerning the International Registration of Marks. The code “IB” is used in relation to the receipt of international applications under the PCT filed with the International Bureau of WIPO in its capacity as a PCT receiving Office.(Intl Bureau, WIPO) or (IB, WO)

5 Provisional name.(Western Sahara) or (EH)

6 Code BF adopted in 1984.

7 Code CD adopted in 1997.

8 Code MM adopted in 1989.

9 Code TL adopted on May 20, 2002.

10 Code SY used before 1.1.1978.

11 Code DL used before 1.1.1978.

12 Subsequent to the country name change of “Yugoslavia” to “Serbia and Montenegro”, that took effect on February 4, 2003, and to the decision by the ISO 3166/MA to use the new country name and new two-letter code “CS” (to replace “YU”), which was announced on July 23, 2003, the SCIT Standards and Documentation Working Group agreed, at its fifth session, in November 11, 2004, to recommend that the two-letter code “YU” continue to be used for “Serbia and Montenegro” in the industrial property field because code “CS” raised certain problems due to its former use to represent “Czechoslovakia” until 1993.